Active Ultrasonic

MMM Generator Technology

MMM Generator Technology:

A new approach to Ultrasonic power supplies and systems

MMM (Modulated, Multimode, Multifrequency) ultrasonic generators utilize a new and proprietary technology capable of stimulating wideband sonic and ultrasonic energy, ranging in frequency from infrasonic up to the MHz domain, that propagates through arbitrary shaped solid structures. Such industrial structures may include heavy and thick walled metal containers, pressurized reservoirs, very thick metal walled autoclaves, extruder heads, extruder chambers, mold tools, casting tools, large mixing probes, various solid mechanical structures, contained liquids, and ultrasonic cleaning systems. Modulated, Multimode, Multifrequency sonic & ultrasonic vibrations can be excited in most any heavy-duty system by producing pulse-repetitive, phase, frequency and amplitude-modulated bulk-wave-excitation covering and sweeping an extremely wide frequency band. Every elastic mechanical system has many vibration modes, plus harmonics and sub harmonics, both in low and ultrasonic frequency domains. Many of these vibrating modes are acoustically and/or mechanically coupled, others are relatively independent. The MMM multimode sonic and ultrasonic excitation has the potential to synchronously excite many vibrating modes through the coupled harmonics and sub harmonics in solids and liquid containers to produce high intensity vibrations that are uniform and repeatable. Such sonic and ultrasonic driving creates uniform and homogenous distribution of acoustical activity on a surface and inside of the vibrating system, while avoiding the creation of stationary and standing waves, so that the whole vibrating system is fully agitated.

Every MMM system consists of:

A)   A Frequency Sweeping, Adaptively Modulated Wave Form generated by an MMM Ultrasonic Power Supply;

B)  High Power Ultrasonic Converter(s) / Transducer(s);

C)   Acoustic Wave-Guide (metal bar, aluminum, titanium), which connects the ultrasonic transducer with an acoustic load, oscillating body, or resonator;

D)   Acoustic Load (mechanical resonating body, sonoreactor, radiating ultrasonic tool, sonotrode, test specimen, vibrating tube, vibrating sphere, a mold, solid or fluid media, etc.);

E)   Sensors of acoustic activity fixed on, in, or at the Acoustical Load (accelerometers, ultrasonic flux meters, cavitation detectors, laser vibrometer(s), etc.), which are creating regulation feedback between the Acoustical Load and Ultrasonic Power Supply. In most of cases the piezoelectric converter can function as the feedback element, avoiding installation of other vibrations sensors. The Acoustic Activity Sensor relays physical feedback (for the purpose of automatic process control) between the Acoustical Load and Ultrasonic Power Supply.

In conventional ultrasonics technology the transducers and connected elements are designed to satisfy precise resonant conditions. To achieve maximum efficiency, all oscillating elements must be tuned to operate at the same resonant frequency. In contrast the patented MMM technology was developed to breakaway from this restrictive “tuned mode” by using advanced Digital Signal Processing (DSP) techniques to implement an intelligent feedback loop that allows adaptation to most any un-tuned, changing, or evolving mechanical system. Instead of optimizing acoustic elements to accept a specific resonant frequency operation, MMM systems use the intelligent DSP to adapt to the un-tuned load. The system continuously analyzes system feedback and optimizes a complex shaped electrical driving signal customized to each specific oscillating structure.

To remain compatible with standard transducers the MMM generators use an adjustable primary resonant frequency as a central carrier frequency that efficiently drives standard transducers in a modulated mode. The MMM driving oscillations are not fixed or random, rather they follow a consistent and evolving pulse-repetitive pattern, where frequency, phase and amplitude are simultaneously modulated by the control system. The optimized modulations provide a highly efficient transfer of electrical to mechanical energy and prevent the creation of problematic stationary or standing waves as typically produced by traditional ultrasonic systems operating at a single frequency.

MMM systems offer a high level of control through regulation and programming of all vibration, frequency, and power parameters using either a handheld control panel or a Windows PC software interface. The system’s fine control extends excellent repeatability and produces highly efficient active power that may range from below 100 W up to many kW. MMM technology can drive, with high efficiency, complex mechanical system up to a mass of several tons and consisting of arbitrary resonating elements.

Due to the flexible nature of the MMM technology, a wide range of new or improved applications are possible. For example applications requiring high temperatures represent a problem to conventional transducers that are extremely sensitive to heat. Since MMM systems are not restricted to specific tuned elements it is now possible to address high temperature applications through the use of extended acoustic wave-guides (e.g. 1 to 3 meters in length). An extended wave-guide puts the necessary physical distance between the heat sensitive transducer and the high temperature load. A long wave-guide also provides a convenient mounting point for cooling jackets that will draw away excessive heat and protect the transducer. Other fields of possible MMM Technology application are: Advanced Ultrasonic Cleaning, Material Processing, Sonochemistry, Liquid Metals and Plastics treatment, Casting, Molding, Injection, Ultrasonically assisted sintering, Liquids Atomization, Liquids Mixing and Homogenization, Materials Testing, Accelerated Aging, and Stress Release.

Please make contact with us to discuss any new or challenging application.

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